Xadow Duino

Introduction


The Xadow Duino is specially designed for building up awesome Lighting Devices with the most popular RGB LED WS2812B. Based on MCU ATmega32u4 and built-in micro USB, Xadow Duino allows you to either control the RGB LEDs directly from the software in “RePhone Kit Create” or program the board with Arduino IDE to make it work independently. Unlike other add-on modules, this board has its own battery socket (JST1.0 type), which allows you to power it in many ways: - Via 5V USB (if the battery is connected, it would also charge the battery simultaneously ) - Via 3.7V Lipo battery - Via breakout pins - Via Xadow GSM+BLE

Features


  • Able to work like an Arduino
  • Plug-and-play if connected with RePhone Kit Create
  • Open source and modular design
  • Slim and small
  • Specially designed for WS2812B
  • Built-in 11PIN Xadow Connectors for fully flexible connection with other Xadow Modules
  • Stackable, chain-able and sew-able with other Xadow Modules
  • Perfect choice for LED lovers

Specification


Item Details
Microcontroller ATmega32u4
Power Supply 5V via USB, current draw is 1.5A at Max
3.3 ~ 4.2V via battery socket, current draw is 1.5A at Max
3.3 ~ 6V via breakout pins, current draw is 500 mA at Max
3.3 ~ 4.2 V via Xadow GSM+BLE, current draw is 500 mA at Max
Charging Current 500 mA
Flash Memory 32 KB (ATmega32u4) of which 4 KB used by bootloader
SRAM 2.5 KB (ATmega32u4)
EEPROM 1 KB (ATmega32u4)
Clock Speed 16 MHz
Connector 2 × 11 PIN Xadow Connector
Bonding pads for RGB LED WS2812b
Interfaces Interface with Xadow GSM+BLE through
I2C (7-bit address 0x23)
Dimensions 25.37mm × 20.30mm / 1”× 0.8”

Hardware Overview


The image below illustrates the Pin Definitions of 11 Pin Xadow Connector, Solder-able Breakout Pins on the Xadow Duino.

Light Things Up


Control the WS2812B with your ‘RePhone Kit Create

The easiest way to control the WS2812B is to use the built-in software in ‘RePhone Kit Create’, which provides an ‘Actuator Control’ application that allows you to light up the WS2812B in three different ways:

  1. Monochrome.
  2. Marquee.
  3. Rainbow.

Set If This Then That

In the ‘If This Then That’ you can set different conditions to trigger the Xadow Duino to light up the WS2812B in a specified mode.

Program it with Arduino IDE

You can also customize your light sources by coding with the Arduino IDE

Use Xadow Duino with Arduino IDE


To use Xadow Duino with Arduino IDE, there are few simple steps you would need to follow: 1. Download the driver files 2. Please refer to the Download Arduino and install Arduino driver page to install the driver correctly

After you correctly installed the driver, Open Device Manager by clicking the Start button, clicking Control Panel, clicking System and Security, and then, under System, clicking Device Manager. If you’re prompted for an administrator password or confirmation, type the password or provide confirmation. Now you should be able to see the COM ports on your ‘Device Manager’ as: - Xadow Clip(COM20) (The COM number might be different on your PC.)

3.Now download the [Xadow File

Names](https://github.com/freespace/Files_For_Seeed_Main_Board) , unzip it and locate to …\Files_For_Seeed_Main_Board-master.7z\Files_For_Seeed_Main_Board-master\v1.6.3\seeeduino**, copy the folder named seeeduino into the …\arduino-1.6.6\hardware** where you’ve installed your Arduino IDE. The version of Arduino IDE might be different, here I used Arudino IDE 1.6.6

4.Now lets try to light up some LEDs, connect your Xadow Duino to computer with a micro USB, open Arduino IDE, select Tools ==> Board ==> Seeeduino Xadow:

then select the Port as COM20(Seeeduino Xadow) :

  1. Copy the following code, if you don’t have the WS2812b libraries, download it here:
#include <Adafruit_NeoPixel.h>

#define PIN 5   //the Xadow Duino used DIN/D5/PC6 to control the WS2812b

// Parameter 1 = number of pixels in strip
// Parameter 2 = pin number (most are valid)
// Parameter 3 = pixel type flags, add together as needed:
//   NEO_RGB     Pixels are wired for RGB bitstream
//   NEO_GRB     Pixels are wired for GRB bitstream
//   NEO_KHZ400  400 KHz bitstream (e.g. FLORA pixels)
//   NEO_KHZ800  800 KHz bitstream (e.g. High Density LED strip)
Adafruit_NeoPixel strip = Adafruit_NeoPixel(60, PIN, NEO_GRB + NEO_KHZ800);

void setup() {
  strip.begin();
  strip.show(); // Initialize all pixels to 'off'

  // it is very important to set D13 as OUTPUT & HIGH as we want it to act as 'GND'
  pinMode(13,OUTPUT);
  digitalWrite(13,HIGH);
}

void loop() {
// Some example procedures showing how to display to the pixels:
  colorWipe(strip.Color(255, 0, 0), 50); // Red
  colorWipe(strip.Color(0, 255, 0), 50); // Green
  colorWipe(strip.Color(0, 0, 255), 50); // Blue
  rainbow(20);
  rainbowCycle(20);
}

// Fill the dots one after the other with a color
void colorWipe(uint32_t c, uint8_t wait) {
  for(uint16_t i=0; i<strip.numPixels(); i++) {
      strip.setPixelColor(i, c);
      strip.show();
      delay(wait);
  }
}

void rainbow(uint8_t wait) {
  uint16_t i, j;

  for(j=0; j<256; j++) {
    for(i=0; i<strip.numPixels(); i++) {
      strip.setPixelColor(i, Wheel((i+j) & 255));
    }
    strip.show();
    delay(wait);
  }
}

// Slightly different, this makes the rainbow equally distributed throughout
void rainbowCycle(uint8_t wait) {
  uint16_t i, j;

  for(j=0; j<256*5; j++) { // 5 cycles of all colors on wheel
    for(i=0; i< strip.numPixels(); i++) {
      strip.setPixelColor(i, Wheel(((i * 256 / strip.numPixels()) + j) & 255));
    }
    strip.show();
    delay(wait);
  }
}

// Input a value 0 to 255 to get a color value.
// The colours are a transition r - g - b - back to r.
uint32_t Wheel(byte WheelPos) {
  if(WheelPos < 85) {
   return strip.Color(WheelPos * 3, 255 - WheelPos * 3, 0);
  } else if(WheelPos < 170) {
   WheelPos -= 85;
   return strip.Color(255 - WheelPos * 3, 0, WheelPos * 3);
  } else {
   WheelPos -= 170;
   return strip.Color(0, WheelPos * 3, 255 - WheelPos * 3);
  }
}

RePhone Community


We’ve been looking for a better place where our backers (RePhone Users) can sit together, warmly and comfortably, have conversations about RePhone, discuss technical problems, share ideas/projects, and give feedback on the modules’ development in the future. And then here we go, the RePhone Community.

Now join us in the RePhone Community! Together we seek answers, make interesting stuff, care about each other, and share our experiences.

Frequently Asked Questions

Some frequently asked questions in RePhone Community are collected and answered to the topic “Frequently Asked Questions of RePhone (FAQ)” , the topic will be kept updating whenever a new FAQ comes out.

Resources


We will be keep updating the source code on our github page:

The schematic diagram of Xadow Duino is provided in the following link:

Check more info about the fascinating RGB LED WS2812B:

Help us make it better

Thank you for choosing Seeed. A couple of months ago we initiated a project to improve our documentation system. What you are looking at now is the first edition of the new documentation system. Comparing to the old one, here is the progresses that we made:

  • Replaced the old documentation system with a new one that was developed from Mkdocs, a more widely used and cooler tool to develop documentation system.
  • Integrated the documentation system with our official website, now you can go to Bazaar and other section like Forum and Community more conveniently.
  • Reviewed and rewrote documents for hundreds of products for the system’s first edition, and will continue migrate documents from old wiki to the new one.

An easy-to-use instruction is as important as the product itself. We are expecting this new system will improve your experience when using Seeed’s products. However since this is the first edition, there are still many things need to improve, if you have any suggestions or findings, you are most welcome to submit the amended version as our contributor or give us suggestions in the survey below, Please don’t forget to leave your email address so that we can reply.

Happy hacking