BeagleBone Green Wireless
SeeedStudio BeagleBone Green Wireless (BBGW) is a joint effort by BeagleBoard.org and Seeed Studio. It is based on the open-source hardware design of BeagleBone Black and developed into this differentiated version. SeeedStudio BeagleBone Green Wireless has included a high-performance flexible WiFi/Bluetooth interface and two Grove connectors, making it easier to connect to the large family of Grove sensors. The on-board HDMI and Ethernet are removed to make room for these wireless features and Grove connectors.
- Fully Compatiable with BeagleBone Black
Processor: AM335x 1GHz ARM® Cortex-A8
- 512MB DDR3 RAM
- 4GB 8-bit eMMC on-board flash storage
- 3D graphics accelerator
- NEON floating-point accelerator
- 2x PRU 32-bit microcontrollers
- USB client for power & communications
- USB host with 4-port hub
- WiFi 802.11 b/g/n 2.4GHz
- Bluetooth 4.1 with BLE
- 2x 46 pin headers
- 2x Grove connectors (I2C and UART)
- Cloud9 IDE on Node.js w/ BoneScript library
- plus much more
|Processor||AM335x 1GHz ARMR Cortex-A8|
|on-board Flash Storage||4GB eMMC|
|CPU Supports||NEON floating-point & 3D graphics accelerator|
|Micro USB Supports||powering & communications|
|USB||USB2.0 Host *4|
|Grove Connectors||2 (One I2C and One UART)|
|GPIO||2 x 46 pin headers|
|Ethernet||Wi-Fi 802.11b/g/n 2.4GHz and Bluetooth 4.1 LE|
|Operating Temperature||0 ~ 75|
- Internet of Things
- Smart House
- Automation & Process Control
- Human Machine Interface
- Sensor Hub
BBGW Starter Tutorial #1-#6
Here are some tutorials for the starters to use some Grove modules to realize their interesting ideas with BeagleBone Green Wireless(BBGW). The tutorials are based on Python and mraa/upm library.
|#1 The Breath LED||#2 Storm on your table||#3 Speak Louuuuuudly|
|MAKE IT NOW!||MAKE IT NOW!||MAKE IT NOW!|
|#4 How hot is it today?||#5 Where are you?||#6 My Little alarm clock|
|MAKE IT NOW!||MAKE IT NOW!||MAKE IT NOW!|
|Bluetooth Device Detection||Home Control Center||SAP HCP IoT Service|
|MAKE IT NOW!||MAKE IT NOW!||MAKE IT NOW!|
Each digital I/O pin has 8 different modes that can be selected, including GPIO.
65 Possible Digital I/Os
In GPIO mode, each digital I/O can produce interrupts.
PWMs and Timers
Up to 8 digital I/O pins can be configured with pulse-width modulators (PWM) to produce signals to control motors or create pseudo analog voltage levels, without taking up any extra CPU cycles.
Make sure you don’t input more than 1.8V to the analog input pins. This is a single 12-bit analog-to-digital converter with 8 channels, 7 of which are made available on the headers.
There is a dedicated header for getting to the UART0 pins and connecting a debug cable. Five additional serial ports are brought to the expansion headers, but one of them only has a single direction brought to the headers.
The first I2C bus is utilized for reading EEPROMS on cape add-on boards and can’t be used for other digital I/O operations without interfering with that function, but you can still use it to add other I2C devices at available addresses. The second I2C bus is available for you to configure and use.
For shifting out data fast, you might consider using one of the SPI ports.
This chapter is writing under Win10. The steps are familiar for the other operate systems.
STEP1. Plug in your BBGW via USB
Use the provided micro USB cable to plug your BBGW into your computer. This will both power the board and provide a development interface. BBGW will boot Linux from the on-board 2GB or 4GB eMMC.
BBGW will operate as a flash drive providing you with a local copy of the documentation and drivers. Note that this interface may not be used to re-configure the microSD card with a new image, but may be used to update the boot parameters using the uEnv.txt file.
You’ll see the PWR LED lit steadily. Within 10 seconds, you should see the other LEDs blinking in their default configurations.
- D2 is configured at boot to blink in a heartbeat pattern
- D3 is configured at boot to light during microSD card accesses
- D4 is configured at boot to light during CPU activity
- D5 is configured at boot to light during eMMC accesses
STEP2. Install Drivers
Install the drivers for your operating system to give you network-over-USB access to your Beagle. Additional drivers give you serial access to your board.
|Operating System||USB Drivers||Comments|
|Windows (64-bit)||64-bit installer|
|Windows (32-bit)||32-bit installer|
|Mac OS X||Network Serial||Install both sets of drivers.|
|Linux||mkudevrule.sh||Driver installation isn’t required, but you might find a few udev rules helpful.|
For window system, please note that:
- Windows Driver Certification warning may pop up two or three times. Click “Ignore”, “Install” or “Run”
- To check if you’re running 32 or 64-bit Windows see this.
- On systems without the latest service release, you may get an error (0xc000007b). In that case, please install and retry:
- You may need to reboot Windows.
- These drivers have been tested to work up to Windows 10
STEP3. Browse to your Beagle
Using either Chrome or Firefox (Internet Explorer will NOT work), browse to the web server running on your board. It will load a presentation showing you the capabilities of the board. Use the arrow keys on your keyboard to navigate the presentation.
Click http://192.168.7.2 to launch to your BBGW. Older software images require you to EJECT the BEAGLE_BONE drive to start the network. With the latest software image, that step is no longer required.
STEP4. Cloud9 IDE
To begin editing programs that live on your board, you can use the Cloud9 IDE by click
STEP5. Connect your BBGW to Wi-Fi
Using your smart phone or computer to scan local Wi-Fi network and connect to the AP named “BeagleBone XXX”
After connection succeeded, it will head to the login page automatically. Select the SSID of your Wi-Fi and enter the passwd, click OK.
Now your BBGW is connected to Wi-Fi.
STEP6. Connect your BBGW to your Bluetooth Device
Connect to Cloud9 IDE and start a new terminal. Start the bluetooth config with the command:
scan on to scan local bluetooth devices. My device named “jy” is found.
Copy the device mac address, then contect to the device with the command:
pair 0C:xx:xx:xx:xx:0B trust 0C:xx:xx:xx:xx:0B connect 0C:xx:xx:xx:xx:0B
Now your BBGW is connected to your bluetooth device. Type
quit back to the terminal.
Play music on BBGW, then you will hear music on your bluetooth speaker device.
Update to latest software
You need to update the board to latest software to keep a better performance, here we will show you how to make it step by step.
STEP1. Download the latest software image
First of all, you have to download the suitable image here.
Due to sizing necessities, this download may take about 30 minutes or more.
The file you download will have an .img.xz extension. This is a compressed sector-by-sector image of the SD card.
STEP2. Install compression utility and decompress the image
Download and install 7-zip.
Choose a version that suitable for your system.
Use 7-zip to decompress the SD card .img file
STEP3. Install SD card programming utility
Download and install Image Writer for Windows. Be sure to download the binary distribution.
STEP4. Write the image to your SD card
You need a SD adapter to connect your microSD card to your computer at the first. Then use the software Image Write for Windows to write the decompressed image to your SD card.
Click on Write button, then the process is started.
- You may see a warning about damaging your device. This is fine to accept as long as you are pointing to your SD card for writing.
- You should not have your BeagleBone connected to your computer at this time.
- This process may need up to 10 minutes.
STEP5. Boot your board off of the SD card
Insert SD card into your (powered-down first) board. Then the board will boot from the SD card.
If you don’t need to write the image to your on-board eMMC, you don’t need to read the last of this chapter. Otherwise pleas go ahead.
If you desire to write the image to your on-board eMMC, you need to launch to the board, and modify a file.
##enable Generic eMMC Flasher: ##make sure, these tools are installed: dosfstools rsync #cmdline=init=/opt/scripts/tools/eMMC/init-eMMC-flasher-v3.sh
##enable Generic eMMC Flasher: ##make sure, these tools are installed: dosfstools rsync cmdline=init=/opt/scripts/tools/eMMC/init-eMMC-flasher-v3.sh
Then you will find the 4 user led light as below:
If you don’t find the upper tracing light, please power down and power up the board.
When the flashing is complete, all 4 USRx LEDs will be off. The latest Debian flasher images automatically power down the board upon completion. This can take up to 10 minutes. Power-down your board, remove the SD card and apply power again to be complete.
Program Grove Module with Mraa and UPM
We have provided Mraa library and UPM library to make it easy for developers and sensor manufacturers to map their sensors & actuators on top of supported hardware and to allow control of low level communication protocol by high level languages & constructs.
What are Mraa and UPM?
Install and update
Mraa and UPM are already installed in the system image of BBGW, so you don’t need to install it. However if you want to update the library, or want to upgrade the library, use
apt-get update and
apt-get upgrade please. Refer to https://github.com/intel-iot-devkit/mraa and https://github.com/intel-iot-devkit/upm for more information.
- light a led
import mraa import time #mraa.gpio60 = P9_14 = GPIO_50 led = mraa.Gpio(60) led.dir(mraa.DIR_OUT) while True: led.write(1) time.sleep(1) led.write(0) time.sleep(1)
- Grove - PIR Sensor
import mraa import time #mraa.gpio73 = P9_27 = GPIO_115 pir = mraa.Gpio(73) pir.dir(mraa.DIR_IN) while True: print (pir.read()) time.sleep(1)
- Grove - Rotary Angle Sensor
import mraa import time #mraa.aio1 = AIN0 rotary = mraa.Aio(1) while True: print(rotary.read()) time.sleep(1)
- More Tutorials
Mraa Map for BBGW
Grove for BBG
Grove is a modular, standardized connecter prototyping system. Grove takes a building block approach to assembling electronics. Compared to the jumper or solder based system, it is easier to connect, experiment and build and simplifies the learning system, but not to the point where it becomes dumbed down. Some of the other prototype systems out there takes the level down to building blocks. Good stuff to be learned that way, but the Grove system allows you to build real systems. It requires some learning and expertise to hook things up.
Below listed the Grove modules that work well with BBG.
|101020054||Grove - 3-Axis Digital Accelerometer(+16g)||I2C||link|
|101020071||Grove - 3-Axis Digital Accelerometer(+400g)||I2C||link|
|101020034||Grove - 3-Axis Digital Compass||I2C||link|
|101020050||Grove - 3-Axis Digital Gyro||Analog||link|
|101020081||Grove - 6-Axis Accelerometer&Compass v2.0||I2C||link|
|101020072||Grove - Barometer Sensor(BMP180)||I2C||link|
|104030010||Grove - Blue LED||I/O||link|
|101020003||Grove - Button||I/O||link|
|111020000||Grove - Button(P)||I/O||link|
|107020000||Grove - Buzzer||I/O||link|
|104030006||Grove - Chainable RGB LED||I2C||link|
|101020030||Grove - Digital Light Sensor||I2C||link|
|103020024||Grove - Finger-clip Heart Rate Sensor||I2C||link|
|101020082||Grove - Finger-clip Heart Rate Sensor with shell||I2C||link|
|113020003||Grove - GPS||UART||link|
|104030007||Grove - Green LED||I/O||link|
|103020013||Grove - I2C ADC||I2C||link|
|103020006||Grove - I2C Hub||I2C||link|
|101020079||Grove - IMU 10DOF||I2C||link|
|101020080||Grove - IMU 9DOF v2.0||I2C||link|
|101020040||Grove - IR Distance Interrupter||I/O||link|
|104030011||Grove - OLED Display 0.96’‘||I2C||link|
|104030008||Grove - OLED Display 1.12’‘||I2C||link|
|104030005||Grove - Red LED||I/O||link|
|103020005||Grove - Relay||I/O||link|
|316010005||Grove - Servo||I/O||link|
|101020023||Grove - Sound Sensor||Analog||link|
|101020004||Grove - Switch(P)||I/O||link|
|101020015||Grove - Temperature Sensor||Analog||link|
|101020019||Grove - Temperature&Humidity Sensor Pro||Analog||link|
Cape for BBG
You will need some expansion board when you start a project. There’re many cape for BBG already, they include LCD display, motor driver as well as HDMI expansion etc. Below is some of them recommend.
|Grove Cape||Motor Bridge Cape||HDMI Cape|
|GET ONE NOW!||GET ONE NOW!||GET ONE NOW!|
|Grove Cape||5 Inch LCD||7 Inch LCD|
|GET ONE NOW!||GET ONE NOW!||GET ONE NOW!|
References and Resources
There’re many references to help you to get more information about the board.
- BeagleBoard Main Page
- BeagleBone Green Wireless info at BeagleBoard page
- BeagleBoard Getting Started
- Hardware documentation
- Projects of BeagleBoard
Help us make it better
Welcome to the new documentation system of Seeed Studio. We have made a lot of progress comparing to the old wiki system and will continue to improve it to make it more user friendly and helpful. The improvement can't be done without your kindly feedback. If you have any suggestions or findings, you are most welcome to submit the amended version as our contributor via Github or give us suggestions in the survey below, it would be more appreciated if you could leave your email so that we can reply to you. Happy Hacking!