Grove - UART Wi-Fi

Introduction

enter image description here

Grove - UART WiFi is a serial transceiver module featuring the ubiquitous ESP8266 IoT SoC. With integrated TCP/IP protocol stack, this module lets your micro-controller interact with WiFi networks with only a few lines of code. Each ESP8266 module comes pre-programmed with an AT command set firmware, meaning you can send simple text commands to control the device. The SoC features integrated WEP, WPA/WPA2, TKIP, AES, and WAPI engines, can act as an access point with DHCP, can join existing WiFi networks and has configurable MAC and IP addresses.

Features

  • Grove 4-pin connector (RX,TX,VCC,GND)
  • 802.11 b/g/n protocol (2.4GHz)
  • WiFi Direct (P2P), soft-AP
  • Supports three modes: AP, STA and AP+STA coexistence mode
  • Integrated TCP/IP protocol stack
  • LwIP (lightweight IP)
  • Integrated low power 32-bit CPU could be reprogrammed as an application processor
  • Integrated temperature sensor
  • Serial UART Interface
  • Multi-queue QoS management
  • Wake up and transmit packets in < 2ms
  • Metal shielding
  • On-board ceramic antenna
  • Reset switch

Tip

More details about Grove modules please refer to Grove System

Hardware Overview

Here is block diagram of Grove - UART WiF module which consists of following parts.

enter image description here

  • Grove - Used to connect to a processor through socket on a base board such as a Seeeduino or Grove Base Shield.
  • WiFi antenna - Antenna for ESP8266(Module model)
  • Button - With multi-functions
    • Reset - Press down and release quickly.
    • Set ESP8266(Module model) into UART boot mode - Press and hold button until centred red LED indicator light on.
  • Led Indicator - Used to indicate working status and for operations by user.
    • Left - a blue LED indicator - Controlled by user through command “AT+LEDON” and “AT+LEDOFF”.
    • Middle - a red LED indicator - light on while Wifi connected or go into UART boot mode
    • Right - a green LED indicator - light on while power on.

Specifications

  • Input voltage: 3V / 5V
  • Baud Rate: 115200
  • Based on ESP8266 ESP-06 SoC
  • AT Firmware: esp_iot_sdk_v1.1.0 + Seeed modifications:
    • 2x additional AT commands to control blue Link LED.
    • Register red WiFi LED to the ESP8266 wifi state LED.
  • AT command set
  • SDIO 1.1/2.0, SPI, UART
  • Five power states: OFF, DEEP_SLEEP, SLEEP, WAKEUP and ON.
  • Standby power consumption of < 1.0mW (DTIM=3)
  • Integrated TR switch, balun, LNA, power amplifier and matching network
  • Integrated PLLs, regulators, DCXO and power management units
  • +19.5dBm output power in 802.11b mode
  • Power down leakage current of <10uA
  • Hardware accelerators for CCMP (CBC-MAC, counter mode), TKIP (MIC, RC4), WAPI (SMS4), WEP (RC4), CRC
  • WPA/WPA2 PSK, and WPS driver
  • A-MPDU & A-MSDU aggregation & 0.4ms guard interval
  • Dimensions: 25.43mm x 20.35mm

Ultra-low power technology

The ESP8266 was designed to achieve very low energy consumption with patented power management technology that reduces non-essential functions and regulates sleep patterns. There are five power states:

  • OFF
  • DEEP_SLEEP - the real-time clock runs but all other parts of the chip are closed
  • SLEEP - consumes less than 12uA with only real-time clock and watchdog running. The chip will wake on MAC, host, RTC or external interrupt.
  • WAKEUP - the system is changing from a sleep to on state. Crystal oscillator and PLL are enabled.
  • ON - consumes less than 1.0mW (DTIM = 3) or 0.5mW (DTIM = 10).

The Real-time clock can be programmed to wake the ESP8266 within a specified period of time.

The higher the DTIM period, the longer the device may sleep and therefore the more power the device may potentially save.

To meet the power requirements of mobile applications and wearable electronics, to reduce the overall power consumption, the PA output power can be customised in the firmware.

Application Ideas

  • Home automation
  • Sensor networks
  • Mesh networking
  • Wearable electronics
  • Baby monitor
  • Network camera
  • Industrial wireless control
  • WiFi beacons
  • Smart power plug
  • Location-aware applications

Getting Started

After this section, you can make Grove - UART WiFi run with only few steps.

Preparations

Now we are making a demo for wireless access point(AP) scan which require following modules.

If this is your first time using Seeeduino Lite, please refer to Seeeduino Lite’s wiki

Seeeduino Lite is compatible with Arduino which works as simple as Arduino.

If this is your first time using Arduino, Please put hand on here to start your Arduino journey.

Connecting hardware

Seeeduino Lite got Grove socket for connecting two module mentioned above: Grove - OLED Display 1.12 and Grove - Uart Wi-Fi.

They are:

  • Grove - OLED Display 1.12 - connection to I2C socket
  • Grove - UART Wifi - connection to Serial socket * As shown below:

enter image description here

Download

Click here to download testing code and decompress it to any folders(e.g. Drive D or desktop)

Now you need simple configurations for Arduino sketchbook.

Launch Arduino IDE and click File>Preferences and add absolute location for downloaded testing code at Sketchbook location .

enter image description here

After configurations, please restart Arduino, click File>Sketchbook and choose grove_uart_wifi_wiki after which testing code will show up.

enter image description here

Click Tools>Board to choose Seeeduino Lite and select respective serial port.

Now click Upload(CTRL+U) to burn testing code. Please refer to here for any error prompt and you can also add comment on forum

Review Results

After upload completed, you can see AP identifier on OLED display.Following AP identifiers are found in our office.

enter image description here

Firmware update

Our module board got a firmware burned into it for factory settings, you can burn other firmware to it if you like. Click here to download source code of factory setting firmware.

Preparations

  • A USB to serial converter is required for firmware updating, you can choose UartSBee V5 we offered if you don’t know where to get one.
  • A Grove-Jump converting cable is required and we also offered for sale. Click here to check.
  • A micro USB cable(type A to type C) is required.

Connecting hardware

1.Connect one end of Grove-Jump converting cable with grove socket on Grove - Uart Wifi and connect other end with UartSBee V5 which shown as following.

enter image description here

2.Then connecting cables like following figure:

enter image description here

Download burning tools

Operation steps

Now make sure you have downloaded burning software and bin file of firmware. Let us start burning to board.

  • Press and hold button until red LED indicator light on which indicate it is ready to burn firmware.
  • Start executable files in FLASH DOWNLOAD TOOLS files (double click) to make configurations like following steps:

enter image description here

1. Choose desired files from firmware bin file downloaded.

2. Check SpiAutoSet.

3. Choose respective COM port and BAUDRATE.

Click to START to burn firmware

  • Progress bar will be displayed in firmware-burning process.

enter image description here

  • Finally, firmware-burning is done.

enter image description here

AT Commands

Using Espressif Systems ESP8266 AT Instruction Set Version 0.24 with SeeedStudio additions.

Basic AT Commands

Command Description
AT Test AT startup
AT+RST Restart module
AT+GMR View version info
AT+GSLP Enter deep-sleep mode
ATE Enable/Disable AT commands echo
AT+RESTORE Factory Reset
AT+UART UART configuration(Deprecated)
AT+UART_CUR UART current configuration (Won’t save to Flash)
AT+UART_DEF UART default configuration (Save to Flash)
AT+SLEEP Sleep mode
AT+RFPOWER Set RF TX Power
AT+RFVDD Set RF TX Power according to VDD33

WiFi AT Commands

Command Description
AT+CWMODE WIFI mode (Deprecated)
AT+CWMODE_CUR Current WIFI mode (Won’t save to Flash)
AT+CWMODE_DEF Default WIFI mode (Save to Flash)
AT+CWJAP Connect to AP (Deprecated)
AT+CWJAP_CUR Current Connect to AP (Won’t save to Flash)
AT+CWJAP_DEF Default Connect to AP (Save to Flash)
AT+CWLAP Lists available APs
AT+CWQAP Disconnect from AP
AT+CWSAP Configure softAP (Deprecated)
AT+CWSAP_CUR Configure current softAP (Won’t save to Flash)
AT+CWSAP_DEF Configure default softAP (Save to Flash)
AT+CWLIF List stations connected to softAP
AT+CWDHCP Enable/Disable DHCP (Deprecated)
AT+CWDHCP_CUR Current Enable/Disable DHCP (Won’t save to Flash)
AT+CWDHCP_DEF Default Enable/Disable DHCP (Save to Flash)
AT+CWAUTOCONN Connect to AP automatically when power on
AT+CIPSTAMAC Set station mac address (Deprecated)
AT+CIPSTAMAC_CUR Set station mac address (Won’t save to Flash)
AT+CIPSTAMAC_DEF Set station mac address (Save to Flash)
AT+CIPAPMAC Set softAP mac address (Deprecated)
AT+CIPAPMAC_CUR Set softAP mac address (Won’t save to Flash)
AT+CIPAPMAC_DEF Set softAP mac address (Save to Flash)
AT+CIPSTA Set station IP address (Deprecated)
AT+CIPSTA_CUR Set station IP address (Won’t save to Flash)
AT+CIPSTA_DEF Set station IP address (Save to Flash)
AT+CIPAP Set softAP IP address (Deprecated)
AT+CIPAP_CUR Set softAP IP address (Won’t save to Flash)
AT+CIPAP_DEF Set softAP IP address (Save to Flash)
AT+CWSTARTSMART Start SmartConfig
AT+CWSTOPSMART Stop SmartConfig

TCP/IP AT Commands

Command Description
AT+CIPSTATUS Get connection status
AT+CIPSTART Establish TCP connection or register UDP port
AT+CIPSEND Send data
AT+CIPSENDEX Send data, if or “\0” is met, data will be sent
AT+CIPSENDBUF Write data into TCP-send-buffer
AT+CIPBUFRESET Reset segment ID count
AT+CIPBUFSTATUS Check status of TCP-send-buffer
AT+CIPCHECKSEQ Check if a specific segment is sent or not
AT+CIPCLOSE Close TCP/UDP connection
AT+CIFSR Get local IP address
AT+CIPMUX Set multiple connections mode
AT+CIPSERVER Configure as server
AT+CIPMODE Set transmission mode
AT+SAVETRANSLINK Save transparent transmission link to Flash
AT+CIPSTO Set timeout when ESP8266 runs as TCP server
AT+CIUPDATE Upgrade firmware through network
AT+PING Ping an IP address or hostname

Seeed AT Commands

Command Description
AT+LEDON Turn the blue LINK led on
AT+LEDOFF Turn the blue LINK led off

Resources

Help us make it better

Thank you for choosing Seeed. A couple of months ago we initiated a project to improve our documentation system. What you are looking at now is the first edition of the new documentation system. Comparing to the old one, here is the progresses that we made:

  • Replaced the old documentation system with a new one that was developed from Mkdocs, a more widely used and cooler tool to develop documentation system.
  • Integrated the documentation system with our official website, now you can go to Bazaar and other section like Forum and Community more conveniently.
  • Reviewed and rewrote documents for hundreds of products for the system’s first edition, and will continue migrate documents from old wiki to the new one.

An easy-to-use instruction is as important as the product itself. We are expecting this new system will improve your experience when using Seeed’s products. However since this is the first edition, there are still many things need to improve, if you have any suggestions or findings, you are most welcome to submit the amended version as our contributor or give us suggestions in the survey below, Please don’t forget to leave your email address so that we can reply.

Happy hacking